PARTS OF THE HORSE
1) Poll; The poll is the bony prominence lying between the ears. Except for the ears, it is the highest point on
the horses body when it is standing with its head up.
2) Crest; Moderately lean in mares but inclined to be more full in stallions. Curved topline of the neck.
4) Nostrils ; The nostrils should be capable of wide dilation to permit the maximum inhalation of air, yet be rather fine.
5) Muzzle; The head should taper to a small muzzle, the lips should be firm and the lower lip should not have the tendency to sag.
6) Point of Shoulder ; The point of shoulder is a hard, bony prominence surrounded by heavy muscle masses.
8) Chest; An ideal chest is deep and contains the space necessary for vital organs. A narrow chest can lead to interference with the front legs. Chest muscles should be well developed and form an inverted "V". The prominence of chest muscling depends on the breed.
12) Hoof; The hoof refers to the horny wall and the sole of the foot. The foot includes the horny structure and the pedal bones and navacular bones, as well as other connective tissue.
15) Flexor Tendons; The flexor tendons run from the knee to the fetlock and can be seen prominently lying behind the cannon bone, when it runs parallel to the cannon bone it constitutes the desired "flat bone".
16) Fetlock; The fetlock is the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern. The fetlock joint should be large and clean.
17) Cannon; The cannon bone lies between the knee and fetlock joint, and is visible from the front of the leg. It should be straight.
19) Hock; The hock is the joint between the gaskin and the cannon bone, in the rear leg. The bony protuberance at the back of the hock is called the point of hock.
22) Flank; The flank is the area below the loin, between the last rib and the massive muscles of the thigh.
23) Loin; The loin or coupling is the short area joining the back to the powerful muscular croup ( rump).
24) Croup; The croup (rump) lies between the loin and the tail. When one is looking from the side or back, it is the highest point of the hindquarters.
26) Withers; The withers is the prominent ridge where the neck and the back join. At the withers, powerful muscles of the neck and shoulders attach to the elongated spines of the second to sixth thoracic vertebrae. The height of a horse is measured vertically from the withers to the ground, because the withers is the horse's highest constant point.
28) Neck; Lightweight horses should have reasonably long necks for good appearance and proper balance. It should blend smoothly into the withers and the shoulders and not appear to emerge between the front legs.
30) Barrel; The barrel should be narrower at the shoulders and widen at the point of coupling (loins).
31) Girth; This is the point that a horses should be measured to determine the heart girth which can be used to determine the horses weight.
33) Hindquarters; The hindquarters give power to the horse. They should be well muscled when viewed from the side and rear.
Take this Horse Knowledge Quiz!
See how much you know about horses...